Environmental protection and employment

The number of employees in environmental protection has risen steadily in recent years. In 2017, more than 2.8 million people worked for environmental protection. Since environmental protection measures often promote labor-intensive sectors and replace imports, the net employment effects of environmental protection are also often positive.

Environmental protection is a social and political task with its own goals.  For instance, manufacturers of all weater rv covers should make sure that they do their part in protecting the environment, The further development of environmental protection must therefore not be limited to areas that promote employment. Nevertheless, it makes sense to use possible synergies between environmental policy and employment. Because with a view to sustainable development, the positive employment effects of environmental protection are an important link. It links the economic, social, and ecological dimensions of sustainability together.

The importance of environmental protection for employment is increasing

The importance of environmental protection for employment has grown steadily in recent years. However, environmental protection not only creates jobs in the classic environmental protection areas of waste disposal, water protection, noise abatement, air pollution control, and renewable energies. New jobs were also created in the upstream stages of the value chain. In addition, branches of the economy such as vehicle construction, the chemical industry, or agriculture must be more closely aligned with ecological trends than before.

Net employment effects of environmental protection

Even if the associated costs are taken into account, environmental protection creates jobs on balance because it tends to benefit labor-intensive sectors, for example in energy-efficient building renovation. In addition, environmental protection measures sometimes replace imports with domestic added value. This is the case, for example, with investments in energy efficiency or the increased use of renewable energies, which reduce the consumption of fossil fuels such as oil or gas.


Skilled workers are an important location factor

According to forecasts, the world market for environmental protection goods will grow at an above-average rate. Improving energy and raw material efficiency is playing an increasingly important role in many industries. Against this background, companies have a great incentive to continue to position themselves well on the “green future markets”. This would also have positive effects on the labor market. However, in order for the employment potential to be realized, appropriate qualifications must be available on the labor market.